Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PKOS)
If there are complaints like hair loss, bristles in chin and cheek, acnes, irregularity and pains during menstruation, doctors may diagnose the polycystic ovary syndrome. Also uneasiness of impregnation and repeating miscarriage are common indicators. Other complaints are over-hydration, cellulite and gaining weight.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal and metabolic problem. These women cannot send the ovulars outside the ovary. Ovulars stay inside the ovary and become vesicles. Meanwhile, the estrogen level increases and some of the estrogen turn to androgens. And androgens trigger all the complaints of ''man type'' problems. Obesity also supports this process with the effect of hormone level increasing. For the solution, both endocrinologists and gynecologists should be involved. Periodic sports and diet is a must for supporting the treatment. For diagnosis, ultrasound and blood hormone level measurement is enough.
Before menopause, estrogen hormone protects the hair like a shield. With the start of the menopause, estrogen level starts to decrease and in 5 years' time, hair starts to lose its brightness. Especially after 50 years of age, hair loss increases. Menopause is the most significant milestone in a women's life.The hair starts to lose strenght. Androgens became dominant in hair bulbs and hair loss speed increases. With the start of menopause, bristles in the chin, top lip, breast and top legs appear as androgens' dominancy over estrogen. In such a situation, hormone treatment or using lotions containing estrogen can be a solution. Drugs containing minoxidil active ingredient can also be considered as an alternative way. Generally, hormone treatment gives hair its brightness and intensity back.
During pregnancy, estrogen level is higher than normal, and hair looks much better. However, with birth, estrogen level starts to decrease, and it triggers hair loss. Mother's work load increases with the newborn and hair loss, together with that depression, her psychology gets worse. But there's no reason to panic. The situation gets better in a year's time. Or if you feel that things will never be the same again, you can take extra pills as a support. Women, who gave many births may look more pale and massless. Rarely hair type can change after birth. Waves may disappear or plain hair may change to become curly. Sometimes, the color may go darker or lighter.
Sometimes a few months after having a shocking physical or mental stress, hair shedding may occur. Patients usually mention that she's having some kind of "hairache." In such conditions, psychological drugs or therapy methods may also be indirectly beneficial for hair.
In some hard psychological cases, the patient may pull out her own hair and break it down from the bulb. Especially women and children may have habit spasms like playing with their hair and breaking the strands.
Air pollution effects of exhaust gasses, coal and fuel-oil remainders may cause hair shedding too. One of the most important factors preventing the body fat reaching the skin and strands is the environmental pollution. Harmful gasses in the atmosphere plug the pores on the skin and stop the body fat from going out.
Fever, medical operations (especially hysterectomy -meaning the removal of uterus), accidents and usage of some drugs may cause sudden or gradual hair shedding.
Exposure to intense chemicals may cause hair loss. For example, too much hair dying or perms may cause temporary hair shedding.
If you are having abnormal hair loss (meaning that if you have more than 100 single strands shedding per day), you need to see a dermatologist and have the necessary tests done. After the diagnosis, you can prevent hair loss with a treatment fitting the reason.