As far we know, the human body contains more than 100 types of hormones each having different functions. Differing features do not mean they will not affect each other. The maestro chief of those hormones is thyroids. They are the hormones that makes man a man and woman a woman. Thyroids control sleeping activities, heart beating, respiration, bone and muscle structures, stress, fat burning, depression, growth, giving birth, weight... everything. With aging, hormone levels in the body start to decrease. However, aging contains hair and skin, too. Hair gets grey and white; its quality, quantity and brightness decrease.
That's why it's impossible to ignore the hormone factor when it comes to hair color and quality. It's not only aging that affects the level of hormone in the body. There are some other factors, too. For example, the circulatory system spoils with age. At this point, problems occur in transportation of produced hormone to the target. Also bad and poor nutrition, zero-fat diets (good fat is needed for hormone production), sedentary lifestyle, lack of oxygen, alcohol, smoking, narcotic drugs and long term stress affect the hormone production negatively. Together with hormones, cardiovascular health, nutrition and general lifestyle also affects the aging process.
Did your hair loose its brightness, waves and natural form? Did it start to get thinner? Then you might be having a shortage of a growth hormone.
If the number of strands started to decrease, probably your testosterone level may be decreasing. There's a general belief in the public on the relation between the increasing of androgen hormones and loss of hair, and you can benefit from that popularly. However, a decrease in testosterone means you started to lose your hair. But don't panic! We have good news: You can control and prevent your hair from shedding by balancing and preventing the decrease of testosterone.
When women have unwanted body hair in such segments like inside the nose, chin, breasts, pubic region, thigh, legs and arms, that means androgen hormones and testosterone are increasing. Such situations can be handled by hormone treatment. In addition, the right nutrition and good digestion is a must for a better result. The cure shows its results in 1 to 4 years' time.
Hormonal changes determine the features and character of hair's appearance, growth speed and shedding. Even the panic of hair loss and fear of alopecia can affect your hormones negatively. The most significant one is the effect of androgens within this relation network. Androgen hormones trigger the growth of bristles, which determine the secondary sexual character in puberty. They increase the growth speed of beard, armpit hair, pubic hair and breast bristles and make them thicker. Estradiol hormone decreases the growth speed of hair; however, it enlarges the active phase (anagen). Cortisol stops the start of the active phase.
Testosterone produces a by-product called DHT (de-hydro testosterone) in men who are inclined to hair shedding. DHT is effective in strand decrease and shedding. Thyroidal diseases (struma) generally affects hair too. Hair gets dry and breaks.
After the menopause in women, estrogen production stops and hair starts to get weakened. Pregnancy and giving birth also affect hair.
Why Thyroid and Auto-Anticorps Increase?
We still are not clear exactly, but such an increase can be listed as one of the factors that trigger hair shedding. Upper respiratory tract infections, sudden and shocking sadness, unnecessary consumption of iodized salt are the reasons to blame. Anticorp increase is accepted as a genetic situation. Such an increase can result in hypo-thyroid (lack of thyroid: Hashimoto Disease) or rarely hyper-thyroid (poisoned struma: Basedow Graves Disease) syndromes. Papillary cancers of thyroid can be seen more in individuals whose auto-anticorps are high. Supporting the level of thyroid hormone is not a sufficient treatment; cure to lower the anticorp level is necessary.
Hashimoto disease is the thyroid inflammation caused by anticorps produced by our body. There's a system to defend our body against the microbes (bacteria, viruses etc.) in our metabolism. This is called the immune system. It's a structure just like nerve system or the digestive system. Immune system is formed by a group of cells in the lungs, liver, bone marrows and spleen. The main mission of those cells is to produce molecules called anticorps and release through the blood to fight against microbes. These anticorps are highly beneficial for our body. However, some types of anticorps that produced "by mistake" are effective against peroxidase enzyme and triglobuline molecule in thyroid cells. These are called "auto-anticorps." Auto-anticorps are highly harmful as they threat the thyroid cells like enemies and destroy them.
So on, an inflammation occurs in thyroid ("Thyroiditis"). As a result, thyroid cells that produce hormone become useless and thyroid level in blood decreases, TSH level increases. The most common types of such anticorps are called anti-TPO (ante-thyroid peroxidase) and anti-TG (anti-triglobuline) during the diagnosis. The measurement of such parameters is important for determining the type of thyroid disease and thyroiditis as far as being used during the treatment process.